India has logged four monkeypox cases so far, with current highly infective strain it can spread even further. There are total 16000 cases reported worldwide from 80 countries around. This prompted WHO to declare Monkeypox as a public health emergency.
What causes Monkeypox?
Monkeypox is a viral zoonotic (infection transfer from animals to humans) disease, identified in animals – Rodents, Rope Squirrels, Tree squirrels, Gambian porched rats, Dormice, African Dormouse, sooty Mangabey, Non-Human primates. It belongs to the Small Pox virus family.
What are the Environmental and Social Factors of Emergence?
- Civil unrest and poverty
- Climate change
- Cessation of smallpox vaccination
What are the Modes of transmission?
- Person-to-person spread through direct contact with the infectious rash, scabs, or body fluids.
- Through Respiratory secretions during prolonged face-to-face contact, or during intimate physical contact, such as kissing, cuddling, or sex.
- Pregnant people can spread the virus to their foetus through the placenta.
- Touching/Sharing items (such as clothing or linens, utensils) that have previously touched the infectious rash or body fluids of an infected person, is another way monkeypox spreads.
- From infected animals
What are the Symptoms of monkeypox?
The illness typically lasts for 2 – 4 weeks. Symptoms include the following:
- Muscle aches and backache
- Swollen lymph nodes
- A rash that can look like pimples or blisters that appears on the face, inside the mouth, and on other parts of the body, like the hands, feet, chest, genitals, or anus.
What are the Laboratory Test available?
- Antigen detection
- Antibody detection
- DNA test
- Viral Isolation
What are the precautions that people must take?
- Avoid close, skin- to- skin contact with people who have a rash that looks like monkeypox.
- Do not touch the rash or scabs of person with monkeypox.
- Do not kiss, hug, cuddle or have sex with someone with monkeypox.
- Do not share eating utensils or cups with a person with monkeypox.
- Do not handle or touch the bedding, towels, or clothing of a person with monkeypox.
- Wash your hands often with soap and water or use an alcohol-based hand sanitizer.
What are the things to be followed if you are sick with monkeypox?
• Isolate yourself at home
• If you have an active rash or other symptoms, stay in a separate room or area away from people or pets you live with, when possible.
What treatments are available for monkeypox?
There are no treatments specifically for monkeypox virus infections.
People with monkeypox should follow the advice of their health care provider. Symptoms normally resolve on their own without the need for treatment. If needed, medication for pain (analgesics) and fever (antipyretics) can be used to relieve some symptoms. It is important for anyone with monkeypox to stay hydrated, eat well, and get enough sleep.
People should avoid scratching their skin and take care of their rash by cleaning their hands before and after touching lesions and keeping skin dry and uncovered (unless they are unavoidably in a room with someone else, in which case they should cover it with clothing or a bandage until they are able to isolate again). The rash can be kept clean with sterilised water or antiseptic. Saltwater rinses can be used for lesions in the mouth, and warm baths with baking soda and Epsom salts can help with lesions on the body. Lidocaine can be applied to oral and perianal lesions to relieve pain.
In certain cases, because of genetic similarities in the viruses, antiviral drugs used to treat smallpox may be used to treat monkeypox infections. Antivirals, such as tecovirimat (TPOXX), may be recommended for people who are more likely to get severely ill, like patients with weakened immune systems.
What are the guidelines provided By Central Government of India?
Twenty-one days of isolation, wearing masks, following hand hygiene, and keeping lesions fully covered are among the guidelines provided by Govt.of India. Also its been advised to wait lesions to fully heal before any further contact with others.
At present there is no need to panic, but as they say, “Prevention is better than cure”. So, awareness and precautions are must to avoid spread of infection.
What PRO Diagnostics do?
At PRO diagnostics, you will get all types of blood, urine, fluid tests at best rates. PRO diagnostics is a modern fully computerized Pathology lab in Pune. It is situated at Kothrud, Pune. Dr. Chaitrangi Paranjape (M.D. Pathology) is the owner and chief pathologist at PRO diagnostics. With the help of experienced staff and modern technologies PRO diagnostics are providing all types of pathology reports promptly & accurately.
Best part is you don’t need to go out in this rainy season to give blood sample, our experienced phlebotomist will visit your home for blood collection.
About Author -
Dr. Chaitrangi Paranjape is the owner and chief pathologist at PRO diagnostics, Pune. She has 10 plus years of experience. She has worked with Metropolis Golwilkar, Bharti Vidyapeeth Medical College, Pravara Institute of Medical Sciences, Pioneer diagnostics, Sunrise diagnostics, Nucleus diagnostics in the past. She is currently attached with the Institute of Infectious Disease by Dr. Sanjay Pujari at Mukund nagar, Pune; as a pathologist.
You can consult her personally at PRO diagnostics for any pathology tests and diagnostics results.
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Frequently Asked Questions
Yes. Home Collection Services for blood samples are available at Pro Diagnostics, Pathology Lab.
A doctor’s prescription is not mandatory to get the test done. You can also consult our expert doctor before you undergo any tests. Call us at 9856620620 for doctor consultation.
Dr. Chaitrangi Paranjape, is the chief consultant pathologist at Pro Diagnostics Pathology Lab Pune. She has more than 10+ years of experience in pathology.
Your blood samples or any pathological sample are processed at our central pathology at Kothrud. Get Direction.
Most of the reports are delivered to you within 12 hours from the time of sample collection.
Yes. We will send you a digital report via WhatsApp or email.
Yes. We do provide full body checkup in pune. You can read more about it in our health blog here.
You can check our services list here. (Following that, click Download Brochure to get test prices.)